报告题目：Microbiology of Fossil Fuel Resources
报 告 人：Prof. Ian Head 英国纽卡斯大学 教授; ISME Journal 主编
联 系 人：张晓君 email@example.com
The deep biosphere is the largest microbial biome on the planet. Being remote, difficult to sample and refractory to direct observation it can often seem esoteric and detached from practical relevance. Those working in the oil and gas industry know from difficult and costly experience, that this view of the deep biosphere could not be further from the truth. Petroleum systems provide the most tangible evidence that the deep biosphere should not be relegated to a curious scientific oddity. The operational and economic consequences of microbial activity in petroleum systems are immense and testament to the power of the deep biosphere and its very direct impact on human activities.
Petroleum reservoirs harbor a diverse array of microorganisms, which on production and geological timescales, influence the properties and quality of emplaced oil, affect its production and ultimately its value. Heavy oil formation over tens of millions of years, sulfide formation leading to souring, microbially influenced corrosion and the potential to enhance oil recovery, all have a central microbiological component and in some cases there may be microbiological solutions to detrimental processes that occur during petroleum production. The microbiology of the petroleum deep biosphere will be explored with particular emphasis placed on the activities they catalyze, and factors that may control microbial activity and underline the practical importance of microorganisms, for good or ill, in the oil and gas industry.
BIOGRAPHY of Professor Ian Head：
Ian Head is Professor of Environmental Microbiology in the School of Natural and Environmental Sciences at Newcastle University UK. One focus of his research is the microbial degradation of crude oil. Working with petroleum geochemists, his group have defined new conceptual models of in-reservoir crude oil biodegradation under anoxic conditions which has led to the formation of the World’s heavy oil deposits. In addition he has interests in the fate of spilled oil in the environment where his group has demonstrated the importance of bacteria from the genus Alcanivorax in nutrient-stimulated bioremediation of oil in intertidal beach sediments. More recently he has been developing interests in microbial souring and corrosion and microbial bioelectrochemical systems. He was the recipient of the inaugural Young Investigators award of the International Society for Microbial Ecology in 2004 and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, the European Academy of Microbiology the Royal Society of Biology. He serves on the editorial board of Environmental Microbiology and is Editor in Chief of The ISME Journal.