Bioinformatics is a modern discipline that integrates multiple computational technologies, such as applied mathematics, computer science, and statistics, to investigate mechanisms of biology at molecular and genomic levels. Generally it focuses on collection, storage, analysis, and processing of the mass data produced by life scientists. It covers many different aspects in life sciences, including fundamental and applied researches of biology, medicine, pharmacy, energy, agriculture, biomedical engineering, bioengineering, biotechnology, etc.
Similar to others, the B. Sc. Program also seeks to an all-round development of morality, intelligence and physique and a coordinated development of knowledge, ability and quality; and to cultivate students to be those talents that can meet the demand of social development, that have the innovative spirit and scientific research ability in the field of bioinformatics and biostatistics. The talents have two meanings, specifically, one is that the professionals have continuing learning and research ability and can further their study in the specific field; the other is that the professionals have solid theory foundation and practical ability that can be engaged in research and development in this profession or related fields.
The targeted students should have sound personality, broad vision, team worker and should be responsible for society and for the history. They are supposed to have a longing for knowledge, a dedication, a responsibility, an awareness of innovation, a high humanistic literacy and a high professional quality. As for the knowledge structure, they are supposed to be armed with solid theory foundation of mathematics, biology, foreign language, computer, and information sciences; with experimental skills and other relevant subject knowledge; and with research, analysis, integration, coordination, and innovation ability.
2. Regulations and Requirements
The major knowledge of Bioinformatics covers mathematics, computer sciences, biology, chemistry etc. Basically, there are three branches in the programs: biostatistics, structural bioinformatics, computing biochemistry. Bioinformatics seeks to interpret and organize, at the molecular level, the mass data information produced by the current biology research.
A. Knowledge Structure
A1.In the area of literature, history, philosophy, art, sports etc. basic knowledge, it requires students to further their knowledge level in addition to the basic education.
A2.With respect to the introductory research methods of disciplines of social sciences, it requires some fragments of a certain discipline, though a short-term academic exploration, so that students are exposed to the discipline’s research method, rather than learning a simplified, complete overview of discipline or common sense.
A3.With regard to the basic knowledge and cutting-edge of natural sciences and engineering technology, it requires those knowledge should be closely linked to social and personal lives, which can help students improve their scientific literacy and engineering awareness.
A4.Concerning the basic knowledge of mathematics or logistics, it requires to further develop students’ analysis ability and logical thinking ability on the basis of fundamental education.
A5Master the basic knowledge system of Bioinformatics comprehensively, and skillfully apply different kinds of methods of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics to interpret the biological data, as well as to solve the practical problems of biology. Table1 represents the core knowledge structure of bioinformatics.
B Competency Requirements
B1Capacity of clearly thinking and accurate expression in language;
B2Capacity of discovering, analysis and solving problems;
B3Capacity of thinking critically and working creatively;
B4Capacity of coordinating with different types of people;
B5Proficient in at least one foreign language;
B6Capacity of reading literature;
B7Capacity of lifelong learning;
B8Master different kinds of modern media to acquire scientific research information;
B9Master biotechnology systematically and basic experimental methods and skills of one to several related professions;
B10Capacity of designing experiments and creating experimental conditions; B11Capacity of concluding, managing and analyzing experiment results; writing papers as well as participating in academic exchanges.
C Quality Requirements
3 Constitution of Course System
3.1General education courses
General education course consists of three parts, namely, public courses, general education core courses and general education practice, with totally 48 credits. Public courses consist of ideological and political courses, English and physical education, which accounts for 25 credits; general education core courses sum up to 21 credits, that is humanities 8 credits, social sciences 4 credits, natural sciences and engineering technology 9 credits; general education practice is responsible for 2 credits.
3.2Professional education courses
Professional education courses consist of basic courses, professional core courses (compulsory) and professional elective courses, which totally accounts for 78 credits, with basic courses 31 credits, professional compulsory courses 31 credits. And professional elective courses need to finish 16 credits.
3.3Professional practice courses
Practice courses consist of compulsory experiment courses, various kinds of internship, compulsory practice courses, military training and graduation project (thesis), with 13.5 credits, 13 credits, 3 credits and 24 credits respectively, totally 53.5 credits.
3.4 Individualized education courses
Individualized education courses are optional courses that requires students complete 20 credits in the length of all semesters. The credits can be taken from any courses apart from the compulsory and elective courses of professional education, professional education, practice education these three modules, for example, the credits of minor courses, the credits of optional courses, the exceeding credits after completing the required credits in the professional limited module, the credits of professional elective courses which has no credit requirements in some professions, the approved credits of University EnglishⅢ, University EnglishⅣ, extracurricular technology, discipline contest, and practical innovation projects.
4. Schooling system, graduation requirements and academic degree
Biotechnology has a flexible schooling system which lasts for 4-6 years. It allows students to graduate in advance after obtaining 199.5 credits. It also allows students to extend the study period but generally not more than six years. After completing the curricula required by professional training program and related practice, obtaining the required credits, with qualified assessment of morality, intelligence and physiques, students are supposed to be awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science, according to the requirements stipulated by the Academic Degree Regulations of the People’s Republic of China.